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Fabians and making of a modern society

Fabian society is a British socialistic organization in charge of an important aspect of society: social evaluations, foresights and, most importantly, engineering. It was on its peak from the late 19th century until World War I. Today’s Labor Party is based upon some of the Society’s fundamentals, their main success being the transition from colonial to capitalistic system, without significant losses of jurisdiction or of Crown’s territory.

Excerpt from author's book 'Subliminal Messages' (2016.)

Modern practice of this society is the think-tank group (so called ‘brain trust’) within the Labor Party. Fabian branch offices are present in Australia, Canada (Douglas-Coldwell Foundation) and New Zealand, all parts of the Commonwealth. Many believe that the entire contemporary geopolitical situation is tightly linked to their ideas from the past. If we go deeper into the literary aspect of their employment, it is easy to see that the members are usually writers, authors and poets who have, through their literate opus, skillfully promoted ideas that actually have a completely different connotation from publically proclaimed ideas of the society. Due to fact that a child’s brain is the most subordinated to manipulation, it has been influenced the most, and the principle of manipulation employment is best explained in some of the legendary utopian novels of the 20th century.

Fabian society was founded in 1884, and they named themselves after a Roman general from the 3rd century called Quintus Fabius Maximus who successfully battled against Hannibal. His strategy is important to depict the insights of society’s ideology. As the story goes, Hannibal believed that a direct war is a certain loss, especially ones conducted in an open battle field, and that the opponent could be beaten through several battles and by retreating after every victory. Hannibal couldn’t be conquered in an open battle due to his army being impossible to outnumber, so Fabius wisely eluded the direct conflict. Fabians formed their lines by short and fast victories against free business and the concept’s idea. The goal was to create today’s aspects of free trading that will unite the world through globalization idea, while mighty individuals will pull the strings.

A popular slogan of this society was: ‘The Fabian Society aims at the reorganization of Society by the emancipation of Land and industrial Capital from individual and class ownership, and the vesting of them in the community for the general benefit’. They used a turtle as a symbol, which was altered later on, as instructed by legendary Nobel Prize winner George Bernard Shaw, into a wolf in a lamb’s skin. Society’s primal goal was abolishing the private sector, especially landowning, thus preparing a path towards Marxism. H. G. Wells, a famous SF novelist and their member, shared the idea by saying that a small group of Englishmen founded a society that would create a third ideological system for the growing socialism, which would reform the revolutionary socialism into an administrative one, and that socialism would cease to be an open revolution and become a conspiracy.

Their starting ideas that were employed through practice were definitely not bad or malicious – some of them are the legislation of minimal wage concept and public health system. This is the segment of special interest to us, due to children’s education on how large is the ‘battle for conquering the empire within classrooms’, especially because of the belief that large corporations will take over the whole money power in the future. Thus, they had known that the easiest way of idea’s implementing was through educational system, since the beginning of the 20th century. And what was the idea? The idea was related to ‘liberal economy obsoleteness’ and to gradual lobbying for imperialism worldwide, but a hidden kind of lobbying, through small wars, future civilian defense forces and real estates that couldn’t be bought, only rented from the state. The social order they promoted most was the so called ‘aristocratic socialism’ where the rulers would be those with capacity, duty and wisdom. This is what the future should look like according to their principles. Today they are denoted for placing their own members on the most significant positions in the British Government, an example of which are Tony Blair or Gordon Brown.

They begin a tight collaboration in 1905, by lending funds and logistics to Russian Bolsheviks, while the idea creator and society’s member John Maynard Keynes is famous today as the developer of macroeconomics and the concept of state’s interfering on recession’s negative effect. He aspired towards capitalism breaking apart before its explosion, and was praised by various politicians, dictators and economy experts. An interesting fact is that many blame his philosophy for today’s economic crisis, money printing through specific interest groups and the overpowering of banks over world economy. Today’s version of capitalism is also one of the side-effects of his work and predictions from the last century. The only question that remains unanswered is whether he was acquainted with this outcome or if it is just another accidental anomaly.

However, it is necessary to take a step back from the economically political background of the order and social engineering and place our focus on their educational indoctrination. Young people were introduced in the adult life as soon as possible, mostly because of the possibility of serving in a civil army, thus gaining an earlier matureness. Critics state that the society, under the pretense of fighting for British interests and socialism, had done exactly the opposite through their actions and employments, by promoting interest groups and neoliberalism. Besides previously mentioned ones, their most recognized members were poets Edward Carpenter and John Davidson, sexologist Havelock Ellis, writer Edward R. Pease, and we can add legends such as Annie Besant, Graham Wallas, Hubert Bland, Edith Nesbit, Sydney Olivier, Oliver Lodge, Leonard Woolf, Virginia Woolf, Ramsay MacDonald, Emmeline Pankhurst and Bertrand Russell.

The great three: Huxley, Orwell and Russell

When predictions about the future society are concerned, three authors need to be brought to light, all of which are distinguished Fabians. The first one is Aldous Huxley, the son of Thomas Henry Huxley – Darwin’s ‘bulldog’ and eugenics defender whose son described the future society, founded on Fabian intentions in his book called Brave New World. His dystopia was inspired by a novel by Evgenij Zamjatin named ‘We’ (1921) that predicted the society forming through eugenics and learning in an unconscious condition. The newly shaped world could be considered as utopia: people are happy, healthy and technologically advanced. The society is hedonistic, thus aspiring to happiness achieving through promiscuous sex and a drug called Soma, and accomplishing happiness is gained through eliminating usual sources of human dissatisfaction: family, art, literature, religion and philosophy. The main character of this novel is called John the Savage, an individual born in a primitive reservation of the World State who, through lucky turns of events, gets introduced with modern civilization. In an essay from 1958 called Brave New World Revisited, Huxley revealed just how much the world had progressed towards his negative utopia: a completely evolved scientific theory or philosophic system in politics would be totalitarian dictatorship. In economics, an equivalent of a beautifully composed melody would be a perfectly tuned factory that earns loads of money, in which all the employees are absolutely tuned in with the machinery. The urge to control can make tyrants out of those who present themselves as ‘people who clean up the mess and fix problems’. Classifications of ‘peace’ and ‘order’ are usually nothing but an excuse for despotism. Huxley explained that: ‘The future dictator's subjects will be painlessly regimented by a corps of highly trained social engineers’.

Huxley also gave a weary and completely correct foresight of what is happening today: ‘…the twenty-first century, I suppose, will be the era of World Controllers, the scientific caste system and Brave New World’. His most controversial speech was given at Berkley University where he stated that pharmacy is an ideal tool for ideal society creating, due to its ability to turn people into ideal workers and design a painless society similar to concentration camps. He also said that: ‘…people will in fact have their liberties taken away from them, but will rather enjoy it, because they will be distracted from any desire to rebel by propaganda or brainwashing, or brainwashing enhanced by pharmacological methods'. An interesting fact is that his brother later became the ideological leader of eugenics movement as well as the first UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Director-General.

The second individual worth of mentioning is Huxley's apprentice Eric Arthur Blair, better known as George Orwell. He encoded the true Fabian society's intentions in his book titled 1984, which is the society's hundred year anniversary, and not the actual revolutionary year. Besides the term 'Big Brother', neologisms and spins (which will be described in detail in the next chapter), this book is also famous for containing sentences such as: 'If you want a vision of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face – forever'; or 'One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes a revolution in order to establish a dictatorship'. Thus, he successfully depicted, along with 'animal farm' and some animals being 'more equal that others', the world of today. Unfortunately he died only months after publishing his most distinguished book which prevented him from finishing his work the way he intended.

The third great Fabian 'prophet' is Bertrand Russell, British philosopher, historian, mathematician and social critic who wrote a book called The Impact of Science on Society in 1952, in which he revealed a warning about the fact that science and technical revolution are changing the world and that they will consequently change society itself. He explains that: ‘I think the subject which will be of most importance politically is mass psychology. Mass psychology is, scientifically speaking, not a very advanced study ... This study is immensely useful to practical men, whether they wish to become rich or to acquire the government. It is, of course, as a science, founded upon individual psychology, but hitherto it has employed rule-of-thumb methods which were based upon a kind of intuitive common sense. Its importance has been enormously increased by the growth of modern methods of propaganda…’ mass psychology + mass propaganda = mass hypnosis.

According to Russell, this is the way masses would be ‘educated’ in a desired manner without rule-of-thumb employing in order to determine who deserves to live and who doesn’t. People would believe that they made their own decisions on what was best for them, based upon their ‘knowledge’ and wouldn’t be able to see that they decision making has been based upon propaganda. Religion would also have an important role, as there are always those who believe that science can’t provide answers to everything, they would turn to spirituality, therefore, modern religions would start using modern media, starting with radio, all the way to newer types that could be discovered in the future. He also claimed that if somebody would choose not to follow any media, he would still be caught in the popular ‘culture’ net through books, movies and similar means. No one would be able to escape this type of control. ‘What is essential in mass psychology is the art of persuasion. If you compare a speech of Hitler's with a speech of (say) Edmund Burke, you will see what strides have been made in the art since the eighteenth century. What went wrong formerly was that people had read in books that man is a rational animal, and framed their arguments on this hypothesis. We now know that limelight and a brass band do more to persuade than can be done by the most elegant train of syllogisms. It may be hoped that in time anybody will be able to persuade anybody of anything if he can catch the patient young and is provided by the State with money and equipment…’

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